- My American Journey by Colin Powell. (Time magazine)
- Colin Powell : soldier and statesman by Warren Brown (EWU library)
- PELLETIERE, STEPHEN C. “War Crime or an Act of War.” New York Times, January 31, 2003, section A, page 29. Pelletiere, who was the CIA’s senior political analyst on Iraq during the Iran–Iraq war, makes the argument that Iran and Iraq share the responsibility for the civilian deaths at Halabja in March 1988.
- Executive Order 9981. PDF-copy (from USnews.com. Project 100 documents that shaped America)
- UN Resolution 687 of 29 Nov 1990. PDF-copy
- The Gulf War on PBS